What Are The Three Types of Landscape? The natural and manmade features visible on a piece of land to form an interesting view, no matter how they have been integrated, is known as a landscape.
It can include geographically defined physical elements like hills, mountains, lakes, rivers, the sea, and ponds, etc.
A landscape can also include living elements to cover the land including humans, vegetation as well as various types of manmade constructions like structures, and buildings, as well as weather conditions and lighting.
Since long landscapes are created by combining the cultural presence of humans and the physical presence of natural and manmade objects to show the fusion of living people with the vitals of the place with national and local identity.
The characters of the landscapes based on the images of the people inhabiting the land and the sensible elements that distinguish one landscape from the other can help in defining different types of landscapes.
Basically, landscapes can be classified in the forms of landscape gardens, wilderness, and farmlands. However, you can find a wide range of landscapes on this earth including mountainous landscapes, Polar regions-icy landscapes, island landscapes, coastal landscapes, and vast dry landscapes in deserts, etc.
Some other types of landscapes may include densely wooded or forested landscapes like tropical rainforests, forests in northern regions, as well as agricultural landscapes in the tropical and temperate regions.
The process of organizing the features visible n a piece of land is known as landscaping. You can find a wide variety of landscapes in this earth including plains, deserts, tundra, taiga, mountains, wetlands, cliffs, ranges of mountains, littoral zones, coastal regions, Polar Regions, glaciers, forests, shrubland, woodland, rainforests, moors, and jungles.
The three popular types of landscape are briefly discussed in this write-up for your consideration.
In traditional European landscape paintings, you can see the concept of cultural landscapes. Such landscapes were painted by several European artists from the 16th century. In these paintings, instead of showing people only, they have focused more on the people involved in cultural activities of that region.
The concept of cultural landscape was formally used for the first time by Otto Schlüter, a geographer, in the early years of the 20th century. According to him, this type of landscape can help in defining the geography of a region which cannot be done by any other media.
He defined landscapes in two forms – an original landscape that does not include the changes made by humans and cultural landscapes that include human cultural changes.
The style of landscape gardens has been evolved in the gardens of China for more than three thousand years.
These gardens included the gardens of the emperors and the members of imperial families of China to impress as well as the gardens created by poets, scholars, soldiers, merchants and ex-government officials to show and run away from the world outside China.
In these gardens, they made small landscapes to show the accord that should be between nature and human beings. In the early 18th century, landscape gardens emerged in England and spread all over Europe after replacing the traditional large European parks and gardens of the 17th century.
The English landscape garden was known as English landscape parks or English gardens in simple words. The style of these gardens was like that of the parkland garden designed to look into nature because they were natural landscapes with extensive changes made by man. One can see the ideal view of nature in these English gardens.
Architectural landscapes include various aspects like horticulture, botany, architecture, fine arts, geography, industrial designs, environmental psychology, ecology, and earth sciences.
A landscaping architect can create a wide range of landscapes while planning public parks, parks of corporate offices and campuses as well as designing residential properties as well as while managing degraded areas like landfills, mines, and wilderness.
They can work on all types of external areas and structures including urban, rural, big, small as well as soft and hard to create landscapes by maintaining their ecological values.
Though there are several types of landscape spread all over the earth but the most popular three types are briefly discussed in this write-up. Most of the landscapes you see on the earth can be categorized into these three forms of landscapes.